Budget Talks May Alter the Retirement Landscape

Many people contribute to some form of retirement saving account. Whether it is an IRA or defined contribution plan like a 401(k), Americans have contributed $8.82 trillion to some form of retirement account. With so much money stashed away, and not taxed, it not surprising that the government wants to get their cut, but the proposals will reshape the fundamentals of retirement finances and taxes in the US in general.

President Obama along with congress will begin debating the proposals October 1, and only time will tell how this will effect retirement saving in the future. Below are just three of the six proposals that could have the most impact on the retirement landscape. They are:

  • Inherited IRAs: With the current system, people, other than spouses, that inherit IRAs can spread out the withdrawals over their lifetime to minimize the impact on taxes paid. The proposal is for other people who are not spouses that inherit to empty the account by end of the fifth year after the original owner’s death. This means that more money will be required to be withdrawn from the account each year and the taxes paid will be considerably higher. There will be certain exemptions for beneficiaries, including those with disabilities.
  • Savings Cap: If this proposal passes, there will be a limit to the amount that can be contribute to retirement accounts. To do this all account would be considered as a whole, and when the total survivors annuity produces a joint payout of $205,000 a year then the person will no longer be able to contribute to their retirement accounts. While this probably will not affect most people now, as interest rates rise, annuities paying $205,000 a year would cost less and the cap would be lower.
  • Mandatory IRAs: This edict would apply to any business that has ten or more employees and have been in business for two or more years. It would require employers to develop and establish automatic enrollment in IRA for their workers. The contributions would be made through payroll deductions and the employees would be allowed to choose how much is contributed with 3% being the default amount. Employers would be granted tax credits to help design and establish plans, but this is just another thing business owners will have to worry about.
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